Laravel - Getting Started - Local Scopes

Local scopes allow you to define common sets of query constraints that you may easily re-use throughout your application. For example, you may need to frequently retrieve all users that are considered "popular". To define a scope, prefix an Eloquent model method with scope.

Scopes should always return the same query builder instance or void:

    where('votes', '>', 100);
         * Scope a query to only include active users.
         * @param  \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Builder  $query
         * @return void
        public function scopeActive($query)
            $query->where('active', 1);